The Caatinga is a unique biome, exclusively Brazilian and full of biodiversity. The name has an indigenous origin that means “white-colored forest.” Its vegetation has few leaves and adapts easily to drought periods, getting gray color.
In winter, everything is renewed and it is possible to observe a fauna and flore life explosion.
With a semiarid climate, the pluvimetric index is below to 800mm/year and the high temperatures comes above 32 ºC. The Caatinga vegetation characteristic has several species, some endemic, which develop exclusively around the region, but mostly are low trees, tortuous trunks, with thorns and foliage that falls in drought period. It is interesting that this mechanism intend to avoid excessive water loss and save energy for the photosynthesis process.
Some our vegetation species are: Juazeiro, Xique-Xique, Mandacaru, Acacia, Mimosa, Macambira, Bromeliads, Maniçoba and others.