13 This detail Blacktip Island Historical Museum curators have already begun building a scale model of a Phoenician trading ship following the discovery of blocks believed to be ancient Phoenician anchors on an island reef. to set foot on the Americas. ", "I was just “The known enterprise of the Phoenician race, and this ancient knowledge of America, so variously expressed, strongly encourage the hypothesis that the people called Phoenicians came to this continent, established colonies in the region where ruined cities are found, and filled it with civilized life. In this way, I can find the origin of all our native tribes - if, and only if, they have a well developed origin mythology, such as the Hopis, Cherokees, Mayans, etc. THEORY OF ORIGIN. Glenn Markoe says that it will "probably never be known" whether the Phoenicians ever reached the Americas. This updated and expanded version of Aubet's successful synthesis, The Phoenicians and the West, originally published in English in 1993, incorporates more recent research findings, and includes an updated bibliography. 3 the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea and the land mass representing She is not a professional archaeologist but writes charmingly and convincingly. new scholarly attention on ancient Carthaginian culture. of a gold coin shows what McMenamin believes is a map of the Mediterranean They navigated the African continental coast in order to follow the opposite way that would be traced by Vasco da Gama much later. Additional references, courtesy of Mark McMenamin. The Phoenicians had discovered it by accident when a ship sailing down the coast of Africa was blown off course by a storm. Phoenicians in America. the Americas. The Phoeniciansâ colonization of the Mediterranean was perhaps motivated more by commerce than territorial expansion for its own sake, but that one led to the other seems inevitable. Also, in his book Saga America, Dr. Barry Fell (Times Books, New York, 1983) makes an excellent case for the theory that the Punic North African inhabitants, the offspring of the Phoenicians, before the Islamic invasions, were the same people as the men who came carrying the banners of Islam – Arabs from the Arabian Peninsula. However, not satisfied with one groundbreaking voyage, the crew of the Phoenicia is now on a mission to prove that the Phoenicians sailed to America over 2,000 years before Columbus. Available Full Episodes. Trade and the s… Below are sources I've cited that give an idea of what have occurred with the Phoenicians and their contact with Cornwall and Britanny.  McMenamin later demonstrated that these coins found in America were modern forgeries.. It was concentrated along the coast of Lebanon and included some coastal areas of modern Syria and Galilee (northern Israel ), reaching as far north as Arwad and as far south as Acre … At the same time, the scholar is trying to gain access two pamphlets on his work regarding the Carthaginian coins. Russo argues that the Antilles coordinates must have been known to Ptolemy's source, Hipparchus. in the New World" on this site. To the far left of the representation believes the designs represent a map of the ancient world, references, 19 Phoenicians in America Scott Wolter inspects mysterious carvings on a stone that may prove the ancient Phoenicians made it to America over 1,000 years before Christopher Columbus. 7 In one of the coins 18 For many years, scholars interpreted these symbols We'll keep using the term for convenience's sake, but keep this fact in mind if you ever take a time machine back to the Bronze Age Levant region. 10 Scott Wolter wants to know if an inscribed rock found in Wyoming is a good-luck charm left by Phoenician explorers more than 2,000 years ago. texts bolster this theory. : We are children of Canaan from Sidon of the Eastern Kingdom of Merchants and are cast, I pray, here beside a central land of mountains (with this) offered choice gift to the Most High Gods and Goddesses in year 19 of King Hiram, I pray (still) strong, from the valley of Ezion-geber of the Red Sea. 8 May 26, 2014 - Phoenician Colonies. of the world.".  It tells of a Phoenician ship which, due to a storm, was separated from a fleet sailing from Egypt around Africa; it also mentions the pharaoh Necho I or Necho II. in ancient Phoenician, representing probably the first new work in that Descrizione del libro. McMenamin's interest Phoenicians in America Scott Wolter inspects mysterious carvings on a stone that may prove the ancient Phoenicians made it to America over 1,000 years before Christopher Columbus. In this article, I have not been able to give all the details that I would like to give. , In the 19th century, belief in an Israelite visit to the Americas became a part of Mormonism. Antoine Court de Gébelin argued in Le Monde primitif ("The primeval World") that they commemorated an ancient visit to the East Coast by a group of sailors from Carthage (modern-day Tunisia). Recent archaeological research has transformed our understanding of the Phoenicians and their colonies. The Phoenicians were great traders and great navigators, and this combination of skills almost inevitably resulted in them establishing colonies wherever they went. The Phoenician coin presumed to contain a map of the ancient world If Mark McMenamin is correct, neither Columbus nor the Vikings were the first non-natives to set foot on the Americas. ", Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories, "The Phoenicians and the Ancient Civilizations of America", Robert C. Mainfort, Jr., and Mary L. Kwas, "The Bat Creek Stone: Judeans In Tennessee? Posts about Phoenicians in america written by Tim W. Jackson. Scott Wolter wants to know if an inscribed rock found in Wyoming is a good-luck charm left â¦ 1200–500 B.C.) the coast of Africa. . The Phoenicians, it appears did reach Cornwell, from, at least, 2000 B.C. A subject of widespread intellectual interest which developed shortly after the discovery of America was the origin of â¦ Declared and implied copyright laws must be observed at all time for all text or graphics in compliance with international and domestic legislation. Phoenicians in America: an index A fter six posts on the subject of the Phoenicians in America, I am beginning to lose track of the posts, (they are all called the same "Phoenicians in Patagonia X". 42 min | TV-PG | Premiered 06/19/2019. It has not a single characteristic that can be called Phoenician any more than the language of the inscriptions or the style of architecture with which it is associated; therefore we can not reasonably suppose this American civilization was originated by people of the Phoenician race. be in North Africa with my metal detector trying to find Carthaginian in Carthage led him to master the Phoenician language.  In the 1960s, Cyrus H. Gordon provided a new translation, and stated his conclusion that it was genuine, since it didn't copy any Semitic writing that would have been widely accessible at the time. Scott's quest to figure out if the inscription found by a horseback-riding girl in the 1940s is legitimately Phoenician - and if the Phoenicians could have made it to America - takes him to an ancient petroglyph in the desert, a Phoenician replica boat in ENGLAND, and a historic copper mine in WYOMING. Phoenicians in America Hardcover – June 1, 1980 by Holzer (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. these coins in a new light," McMenamin notes. , In 1872, a stone inscribed with Phoenician writing was allegedly discovered in Paraíba, Brazil. America 1355-1364 â Hjalmar R. Holand; America B.C. hopes, in proving the world map theory's validity. With Scott Wolter. also indicate that Carthaginian explorers had sailed to the New World. Season 4, Episode 1 Phoenicians in America First Aired: June 25, 2019 Scott Wolter inspects mysterious carvings on a stone that may prove the ancient Phoenicians made it to America … Keep in mind, Iâve also pointed out evidence that Blacks (Negritos) may have made it to South America first. Phoenicians in the Americas. found to date, may have made another discovery--one that sheds radical The Phoenicians did not exist. The enhanced and colorized version is based on the illustrations Beer, rebellion, soccer, Islam, and fiery brandy stir modern Turkey. If such a fateful expedition had actually occurred, the proof is more likely to be found in a handful of Phoenician pottery shards.. See Tune-In â¦ 12 610–595 B.C. 65 Historian dispute likelihood Phoenicians landed in America Editor's note: MainSail is CNN's monthly sailing show, exploring the sport of sailing, luxury travel and … However, much of our knowledge about the Phoenicians during the Iron Age (ca. Hipparchus lived in Rhodes and may have gotten this information from Phoenicians sailors, since they had full control of the western Mediterranean in those times. Scott Wolter investigates an ancient Phoenician artifact in Wyoming. This site has been online for more than 22 years. He has published All the forms of alphabetical writing used at present in Europe and Southwestern Asia came directly or indirectly from that anciently invented by the race to which the Phoenicians belonged, and they have traces of a common relationship which can easily be detected. These controversial theories are based on interpretations of imagery on Phoenician coins and Native American inscriptions. of which has long puzzled scholars. of Berytus (Beirut) and Statue of Caesarea, Conception of Union in the Orthodox Antioch Church, Carthaginians You May Also Like. According to legend, Phoenicians founded the Spanish city of Cadiz in 1100 … "Canaanites in America" A New Scripture in Stone? Phoenicians in America? No one was given special treatment in order to succeed in America. The Phoenicians were known for agricultural practices that included the production of olives, grapes, garlic, wheat, and other fruits and vegetables. "I have been In doing so, they demonstrated that the Phoenicians could have crossed the Atlantic over 2,000 years before Christopher Columbus "discovered" the American continent. "If I had the Working over the past few months, Contact: Salim George Khalaf, Byzantine Phoenician Descendent 20, Mythological Inferno and ChavÃn's Labyrinth, B. V. Mary Priestly Lineage 11 Phoenicians discovered America 2000 years before Columbus? "A Bequest Unearthed, Phoenicia" — Encyclopedia Phoeniciana. in the New World, McMenamin  A transcription was shown to Ladislau de Souza Mello Netto, director of the National Museum of Brazil. Phoenicians in the America. One is written If Mark McMenamin 16 One formerly popular theory suggests that the Phoenicians were responsible for establishing the major pre-Columbian Native American empires. The Phoenician agents and diplomats were familiar with almost every war fought at that time and they used to take advantage of it. The major Phoenician trade routes were by sea to the Greek islands, across southern Europe, down the Atlantic coast of Africa, and up to ancient Britain. The equivalent of this website is about 2,200 printed pages. In his 1871 book Ancient America, John Denison Baldwin repeats some of the arguments given for Phoenician visits to America, but concludes that: if it were true that the civilization found in Mexico and Central America came from people of the Phoenician race, it would be true also that they built in America as they never built any where else, that they established a language here radically unlike their own, and that they used a style of writing totally different from that which they carried into every other region occupied by their colonies. He has submitted This author is a faculty member in library science at the University of Iowa. 5 to the upper left, the British Isles. For example, according to the Greek historian Herodotus, Phoenician sailors, at the request of the pharaoh Necho II (r. ca. Season 4 • Episode 5. Gordon also believed that ancient Hebrew inscriptions had been found at two sites in the southeastern United States, indicating that Jews had arrived there before Columbus. In the 20th century, adherents have included Cyrus H. Gordon, John Philip Cohane, Ross T. Christensen, Barry Fell and Mark McMenamin. A few historians, however, think the Phoenicians navigated the entire Atlantic Ocean . It is also true that the Phoenician homelands had shrunk following expansion by neighbouring powers and may also have been affected by climate change and a reduction in rainfall with a negative â¦ A recurring motif, found across southern South America, is what appears to be the letter yaz in â¦ The boats of the Phoenicians, accompanied by their warrior-trader partners, the Yuddhis, cautiously ventured beyond India. 15 Phoenicians Bringing America Agriculture? may well reveal that it was Punic explorers not Europeans who "discovered" And so this gives you a resume of those civilizations, both that of the original Phoenicians and that of the daughter nation, Carthage. Phoenicians in America? in European collections. The Carthaginians were closely linked to the Phoenicians Starting originally as monotheists, the Phoenicians, in process of time, clothed each of the attributes of the deity with a distinct personality, which quickly developed into Polytheism, with a principal god and a number of lesser and tributary deities, who were supposed to act under his guidance, and subject to his control; and so widespread was the influence of this form of belief emanating from them, that it … I know that somewhere on the board we have talked about Phoenicians in the Americas and Brazil in particular.  Antoine Court de Gébelin argued in Le Monde primitif ("The primeval World") that they commemorated an ancient visit to the East Coast by a group of sailors from Carthage (modern-day Tunisia).  Russo observes that by attributing those coordinates to the Antilles, the world gets back to the right size, the geographical description given by Ptolemy fits much better and certain puzzling deformations in Ptolemy's world map disappear. additiional reading view "Carthaginians Since even the fleeting Norse presence in Vinland left definite archaeological remains at L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, it seems logical that the allegedly more extensive Phoenician and Carthaginian presence would have left similar evidence. A number of classical Post Feb 03, 2004 #1 2004-02-03T20:10. 42 min | TV-PG | Premiered 06/19/2019. Salim is from Shalim, Phoenician god of dusk, whose place was Urushalim/Jerusalem Phoenicia ( / fəˈnɪʃə, - ˈniː -/; from Ancient Greek: Φοινίκη, Phoiníkē) was an ancient Semitic-speaking thalassocratic civilization that originated in the Levant region of the eastern Mediterranean, primarily modern Lebanon. The material in this website was researched, compiled, & designed by Salim George Khalaf as owner, author & editor. sources and bibliography (Please don't write and ask me for references. time and the money," McMenamin observes, only half-kidding, "I'd Note: The Travel Channel has been offering episodes of America Unearthed for online streaming a week before their air date. 2. Bronze Age. Guest. McMenamin The Phoenician theory of the ancient American civilizations has come into some prominence once again in this decade with the publication of a book by Constance Irwin (Irwin, 1963). Ross T. Christensen has propounded the theory that the Mulekites in the Book of Mormon were "largely Phoenician in their ethnic origin.". Directed by Andy Awes, Ben Krueger. for publication. Many point to this as proof of cultural diffusion by Phoenicians, who came to North America for mining and trade. So to tidy things up and make it easy to find what we are looking for, this post will be the index and will appear as the link in the left sidebar menu. of Carthage between 350 and 320 BC, (please see sketch of coin right Forensic geologist Scott Wolter heads to ROCK SPRINGS, Wyoming, to investigate Lorene Bolen's good luck charm, which may also be evidence the PHOENICIANS - ancient mariners from the Mediterranean - made it to North America more than 2,000 years ago. Phoenicians in America. In 1996, Mark McMenamin, an American paleontologist, speculated that Phoenician sailors visited the Americas around 350 BC. You can find them at the end of article or in Bibliography). BC. Instead, says The History and Archaeology of Phoenicia, this was a description used by the Greeks to describe a loose federation of traders from the eastern Mediterranean. He based his theory on some gold stater coins that were allegedly made by the state of Carthage. In 1780, on a rock on the shores of Mount Hope Bay in Bristol, Rhode Island, there was discovered an inscription, which Fell deciphered in 1975 to read: VOYAGERS FROM TARSHISH THIS STONE PROCLAIMS. There is no evidence whatsoever that Phoenicians ever reached the shores of the Americas. 17 studied by McMenamin, a horse stands atop a number of symbols at the the Americas. as letters in Phoenician script. 14 Some Phoenician style items have been found in the Americas and Portuguese archaeologists in the Azures, mid-way between the Old and the New World, claim to have found Phoenician temples and burial sites. these coins not only represent the oldest maps found to date, but would document.write(doClock("W0",",%20","M0","%20","D0",",%20","Y0")); Highlight any text; our page(s) will read it. When that theory was discounted in Netto first accepted the inscription as genuine, but by 1873, philologist Ernest Renan convinced him that it was a forgery. Mediterranean, surrounded by the land masses of Europe and Africa, with, Beale says, âIt undoubtedly could go up a river and a very long ways and I am out to prove the Phoenicians made it to America.â Philip Beale has made it seem very feasible that the Mulekites cold have traveled up the Mississippi to the Des Moines River rapids, or even to Wyoming copper mines by utilizing the Missouri River also. of the New World. of the Middle East in terms of origin, culture, language, and naval , In the late 18th century, a number of people speculated on the origins of the petroglyphs on Dighton Rock in Berkley, Massachusetts. and Kings of Tyre, Christ's Miraculous Icon One of these supposed finds was the Bat Creek inscription, which Gordon believed to be Phoenician, but is generally thought to be a forgery.  Frank Moore Cross disagreed, saying that "Everything in the inscription was available to the forger in nineteenth century handbooks or from uninspired guesses based on these easily available sources," and clarified that the letter forms cover a range of ten centuries.. Though now shorn of this rationale, the claim remains inexorably tied to ethnocentric views and especially quasi-Biblical speculation about Nephilim and Lost Tribes. This map shows their trade routes and colonies from the 20th to the 3rd centuries BCE! the New World. You May Also Like. to a number of coins --or casts of their impressions-- currently held America began as a wild piece of land that needed to be tamed by European colonists. ), circumnavigated Africa. Through it flow navigable new light on present conceptions of the Classical world and on the discovery who last year led an expedition that discovered the oldest animal fossil He remarks, Proof in the form of an inscription, like the celebrated Phoenician text allegedly found in Paraíba in northern Brazil, remains unlikely. One-third of the way between Europe and North America, the Azores are considered an essential jumping off point for trans-Atlantic journeys, offering tantalizing hints of pre-Columbian exploration of the New World. This theory is heavily associated with the legend of Votan , a mythological figure who allegedly founded the first city of the New World in 1000 B.C. There are a growing number of historians who believe that the Phoenicians may have sailed across the seas and landed in the Americas. study the coins. ... Phoenicians in America. 2 has interpreted a series of designs appearing on these coins, the meaning The idea of a Phoenician presence in ancient America was born in anti-Native American racism and the desire to deny Natives rights to their own culture and their land. If this is true, Turkey is Stirring. The words of a stranded Phoenician in South America in the 6 th Century b.c.e. Booze Traveler. Ezra Stiles, then President of Yale College, believed them to be Hebrew. In recent times, a geologistand paleontologist who has studied archeology and anthroology by the name of Mark McMenamin claims to have discovered a map of the world on coins made in Carthage in the period 350 - 320 BC. For Available Full Episodes. Success was entirely up to each individual's talent and willingness to work hard. di Thomas Crawford Johnston: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29â¬ spediti da Amazon.
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